This report presents household Income and consumption expenditure data for the year 2018-19. The format of the report is almost the same as of the earlier Household Integrated Economic Surveys (HIES) conducted during the years 2004-05, 2005-06, 2007-08, 2010-11, 2011-12, 2013-14 and 2015-16. In this report all the variables have also been disaggregated by consumption quintiles. In chapter-2 the main findings of the report are summarised. Chapter 3 explains the concepts and definitions used in the report. After that, twenty-five major tables are presented. The methodology for computation of consumption quintiles is explained in Appendix-A.
Recent Developments in HIES
The HIES has been conducted, with some breaks, since 1963. However, in 1990 the HIES questionnaire was revised in order to address the requirements of a new system of national accounts. The four surveys of 1990-91, 1992-93, 1993-94 and 1996-97 were conducted using the revised questionnaire. In 1998-99, the HIES data collection methods and the questionnaire were revised to reflect the integration of HIES with the Pakistan Integrated Household Survey (PIHS). After this the HIES was conducted as an Integrated Survey with PIHS in 1998-99 and 2001-02. Subsequently the survey was renamed in 2004 as Pakistan Social and Living Standards Measurement (PSLM) Survey and the same module of the HIES remain intact. PSLM, (District Level) Survey and PSLM/ HIES (National/ Provincial level) Survey were conducted on alternating years. Before this Survey, six rounds of HIES were conducted during 2004-05, 2005-06, 2007-08, 2010-11, 2011-12 and 2013-14. However, in 2015-16, special survey namely Household Integrated Income & Consumption survey (HIICS) was conducted for rebasing of price indices, for which all items were disaggregated and asked in detail in order to compute separate weight. It is pertinent to mention that survey is designed in such a way that it also provided all data and information regarding HIES.
Prior to PIHS 1998-99, HIES surveys were collected by single enumerators using public transport. Only male household could be interviewed which is afterwards collected by mobile team of both male and female enumerators under the day to day management of a team supervisor.
The current round of the HIES covers 24,809 households. It provides important information on household income, savings, liabilities, and consumption expenditure and consumption patterns at national and provincial level with urban/rural breakdown.