Labour Force Statistics

Introduction

Labour Force statistics are pivotal to manpower planning, human resource development and, economic growth.  Pakistan Bureau of Statistics has been conducting Labour Force Surveys (LFS) since 1963. The Survey data is extensively used by the government, researchers and other users at large.

The Survey, along with the quantification of core variables, also estimates important attributes of literacy, migration, technical/vocational training, disability and occupational safety, etc. The estimates are profiled according to latest classifications viz Pakistan Standard Industrial Classification (PSIC 2010) based on International Standard Industrial Classification (ISIC rev-4) and Pakistan Standard Classification of Occupation (PSCO- 2015) in line with International Standard Classification of occupation (ISCO-2008).

Objectives:

The major aim of the survey is to collect a set of comprehensive statistics on the various dimensions of country’s civilian labour force as a means to pave the way for skill development, planning, employment generation, assessing the role and importance of the informal sector and, sizing up the volume, characteristics and contours of employment. The broad objectives of the survey are as follows:

  • Socio-demographic characteristics: age, sex, marital status, education level, technical/vocational training, current enrolment, migration, disability etc.
  • Labour force trends: total labour force, employed, unemployed, unemployment rate, underemployment etc.
  • Employment status: whether individuals are employers, own account workers, contributing family workers, paid employees, regular or casual employees etc.
  • Employment in formal and informal sectors, wages of paid employees, annual income of self-employed and payment mode
  • Hours worked, working environment, safety and treatment, recovery time etc.

LFS & SDG’s

UN has adopted new development plan called Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). Under SDGs there are 17 goals, 169 targets and 232 indicators. It is designed in such a way that they are addressing the individuals rather than the households so that benefits can reach up to individual level. Labour Force Survey covers 11-SDGs indicators.

Detail of SDGs Indicators

  1.  Indicator 4.3.1 Participation Rate of Youth and Adults in Formal and Informal Education and Training in the previous 12 months by sex
  2.  Indicator 5.5.2 Proportion of women in managerial positions
  3.  Indicator 8.3.1: Proportion of informal employment in total employment, by sector and sex
  4.  Indicator 8.5.1: Average hourly earnings of employees, by sex, age, occupation and persons with disabilities
  5.  Indicator 8.5.2: Unemployment rate, by sex, age and persons with disabilities
  6.  Indicator 8.6.1: Proportion of youth (aged 15-24 years) not in education, employment or training
  7.  Indicator 8.8.1: Non-fatal occupational injuries per 100'000 workers, by sex and migrant status
  8.  Indicator 8.7.1 Proportion and number of children aged 5–17 years engaged in child labour by sex and age (Partially covered)
  9.  Indicator 8.9.2 Number of jobs in tourism industries as a proportion of total jobs and growth rate of jobs, by sex (Percentage)
  10.  Indicator 9.2.2: Manufacturing employment as a proportion of total employment
  11.  Indicator 9.5.2: Researchers per million inhabitants