Pakistan Social And Living Standards Measurement

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BRIEF ON PAKISTAN SOCIAL & LIVING STANDARD MEASUREMENT (PSLM) SURVEY 2004-15

The PSLM Project is designed to provide Social & Economic indicators in the alternate years at provincial and district levels. The project was initiated in July 2004 and will continue up to June 2015.  The data generated through surveys is used to assist the government In formulating the poverty reduction strategy as well as development plans at district level and for the rapid assessment of program in the overall context of MDGs. As such this survey is one of the main mechanisms for monitoring MDGs indicators.  It provides a set of representative, population-based estimates of social indicators and their progress under the PRSP/MDGs. For Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), UN has set 18 targets for 48 indicators for its member countries to achieve by 2015. Pakistan has committed to implement 16 targets and 37 indicators out of which 6 targets and 13 indicators are monitored through PSLM Surveys. The PSLM surveys are conducted at district level and at Provincial level respectively at alternate years. PSLM District level survey collects information on key Social indicators whereas through provincial level surveys (Social & HIES) collects information on social indicators as well as on Income and Consumption while   in specific sections also information is also   collected about household size; the number of employed people and their employment status, main sources of income; consumption patterns; the level of savings; and the consumption of the major food items. However, Planning Commission also uses this data for Poverty analysis.

 An other important objective of the PSLM Survey is to try to establish the distributional impact of development programs; whether the poor have benefited from the program or whether increased government expenditure on the social sectors has been captured by the better off.

The sample size of PSLM surveys district level is approximately 80000 households and approximately 18000 at Provincial level.

Main Indicators

Indicators on Demographic characteristics, Education, Health, Employment, Household Assets, Household Amenities, Population Welfare and Water Supply & Sanitation are developed at National/Provincial /District levels.

Work in Progress:-

  • Field work of PSLM round X District level Survey (2014-15) is in progress and likely to complete by June 2015.
  • Data Processing of Round IX National/Provincial Survey (Social& HIES) (2013-14) is in progress.

Publications

LIST OF INDICATORS DEVELOPED BY PSLM SURVEY

S.NO INDICATORS FREQUENCY
1 Average household Size Yearly
     
  EDUCATION  
1 Population that has ever attended school Yearly
2 Population that has completed primary level or higher Yearly
3 Gross Enrolment rate at Primary, Middle and Matric Levels Yearly
4 Net Enrolment rate at Primary, Middle and Matric Levels Yearly
5 Gross Enrolment rate for Government primary Schools(Excluding Katchi class) Yearly
6 Net Enrolment rate for Government primary Schools(Excluding Katchi class) Yearly
7 Primary level Enrolment in government schools as percentage of total primary  enrolment Yearly
8 Enrolment in Government Schools as a percentage of total enrolment at primary level  Alternate year(P)
9 Percentage of children 10-18 years old that left school before completing Primary level Alternate year(P)
10 Drop-out rates for the cohort aged 15-19 years Alternate year(P)
11 Primary level enrolment in Private schools Alternate year(P)
12 Reasons for leaving school before completing primary level (10-18 years) Alternate year(P)
13 Reasons for never attending schools (10-18 years) Alternate year(P)
14 Literacy level –Population 10 years and older Yearly
15 Adult Literacy level – Population 15 years and older Yearly
     
  HEALTH  
1 Percentage of children aged 12-23 months that have been immunized Yearly
2 Percentage of children aged 12-23 months that have been immunized by type of Antigen – Based on Record Yearly
3 Percentage of children aged 12-23 months that have been immunized by type of Antigen – Based on Record and recall Yearly
4 Children under 5 suffering from diarrhea in past 30 days Yearly
5 Treatment of diarrhea in children under 5 years Yearly
6 Type of practitioner consulted for diarrhea treatment Yearly
7 Infant Mortality rate Alternate year(P)
8 Pregnant women that have received TetnusToxoid injections Yearly
9 Prenatal consultations Yearly
10 Child delivery – Location and Type of Assistance  
11 Postnatal consultations Yearly
     
  POPULATION WELFARE  
1 Percentage of women aged 15-49 years ever married Alternate year(P)
2 Mean number of children ever born to women aged 15 -49 years Alternate year(P)
3 Mean number of children ever born to ever married women aged 15 -49 years Alternate year(P)
4 Age Specific and Total Fertility Rates – women aged 15-49 years Alternate year(P)
5 Awareness and use of Family Planning methods Alternate year(P)
6 Women currently using Family Planning -CPR Alternate year(P)
7 Commonly known methods of Family Planning Alternate year(P)
8 Reasons for never practicing Family Planning Alternate year(P)
9 Type of family Planning method currently being used Alternate year(P)
10 Sources of family Planning methods Alternate year(P)
11 Attitude towards Family planning methods Alternate year(P)
     
  HOUSING,WATER SUPPLY AND SANITATION  
1 Main source of Drinking Water Yearly
2 Percentage of households paying for water Alternate year(P)
3 Who installed the water Delivery system Alternate year(P)
4 Distance to water source Alternate year(P)
5 Type of Toilet used by the households Yearly
6 Type of Sanitation system used Alternate year(P)
7 Percentage Distribution of households by housing tenure Alternate year(D)
8 Percentage Distribution of households by material used for roof Alternate year(D)
9 Percentage Distribution of households by material used for walls Alternate year(D)
10 Percentage Distribution of households by number of rooms Alternate year(D)
11 Percentage Distribution of households by Fuel used for Lighting Alternate year(D)
12 Percentage Distribution of households by Fuel used for cooking Alternate year(D)
     
  PERCEPTION OF ECONOMIC SITUATION  
1 Percentage distribution of households by Perception of their Economic situation compared to the year before Alternate year(D)
2 Percentage distribution of households by Perception of their Economic situation of the community compared to the year before Alternate year(D)
3 Percentage Distribution of household satisfaction by Facilities and service use Alternate year(D)
     
  Household Integrated Economic Survey  
1 Average Household size and its composition by sex and quintiles Alternate year(P)
2 Average number of earners per household Alternate year(P)
3 Average monthly household consumption expenditure Alternate year(P)
4 Average monthly household Income Alternate year(P)
5 Percentages of monthly household income shares by source and areas Alternate year(P)
6 Percentage of monthly consumption expenditure by Commodity groups Alternate year(P)
7 Percentage of monthly expenditure on 17 major food items Alternate year(P)
8 Percentage distribution of employed persons by industry divisions ,employment status,sex and area Alternate year(P)
9 Percentage distribution of employed persons by occupation  Groups, Employment status,sex and area Type of family Planning method currently being used Alternate year(P)
10 Sources of  monthly household Receipts(other than income) by quintiles Alternate year(P)
11 Percentage distribution of monthly income by type of employed persons Alternate year(P)

          * P for provincial, D for district level survey