Pakistan Social And Living Standards Measurement Survey (Pslm) 2006-07 Provincial / District

Introduction

The Pakistan Social and Living Standards Measurement Survey is one of the main mechanisms for monitoring the implementation of the PRSP in the overall context of MDGs. It provides a set of district level representative, population-based estimates of social indicators and their progress under the PRSP. These include intermediate as well as ‘output’ measures, which assess what is being provided by the social sectors – enrolment rates in education, for example. They include a range of ‘outcome’ measures, which assess the welfare of the population Immunisation Rate, for example. Policymakers need to know, for example, whether the poor have benefited from the programme or whether increased government expenditure on the social sectors has been captured by the better off.

In the remainder of this introduction, a description of the 2006-07 PSLM Survey is provided. In the following chapters, data relating education, health, household assets / amenities, immunisation, pre and postnatal care and satisfaction of services is given.

Objectives and scope of analysis

This is the second analytical report containing district level indicators of the PSLM Survey. It provides an overview of the findings in all sectors at district levels. Given that the PSLM is a large, complex household survey that collects information on a number of different topics, the tabulations presented here comprise the detailed tables at National/ Provincial/ District levels in continuation of the National / Provincial level report which has already been released

Sample Design Of PSLM Survey 2006-2007 (District Level)

Universe: The universe of this survey consists of all urban and rural areas of the four provinces and Islamabad excluding military restricted areas.

Sampling Frame: FBS has developed its own urban area frame, which was up-dated in 2003. Each city / town has been divided into enumeration blocks consisting of 200-250 households identifiable through sketch map. Each enumeration block has been classified into three categories of income groups i.e. low, middle and high keeping in view the living standard of the majority of the people. List of villages published by Population Census Organization obtained as a consequence of Population Census 1998 has been taken as rural frame.

Stratification Plan:

A. Urban Domain: Islamabad, Lahore, Gujranwala, Faisalabad, Rawalpindi, Multan, Bahawalpur, Sargodha, Sialkot, Karachi, Hyderabad, Sukkur Peshawar and Quetta, have been considered as large sized cities. Each of these cities constitutes a separate stratum and has further been sub-stratified according to low, middle and high-income groups. After excluding population of large sized city (s), the remaining urban population in each district in all the provinces has been grouped together to form a stratum.

B. Rural Domain: Each district in the four provinces of Pakistan has been treated an independent stratum.

Sample Size and Its Allocation:
Keeping in view the objectives of the survey the sample size for the four provinces has been fixed at 73953 households comprising 5198 sample villages / enumeration blocks, which is expected to produce reliable results at the district level.

Sample Design: A two-stage stratified sample design has been adopted in this survey.

Selection of Primary Sampling Units (PSUs): Villages and enumeration blocks in urban and rural areas respectively have been taken as Primary Sampling Units (PSUs). Sample PSUs have been selected from strata/sub-strata with PPS method of sampling technique. Village wise population of 1998 census and enumeration block wise number of household collected in 2002-03 updation of urban sampling frame have been treated as measure of size for selection of sample PSUs in rural and urban strata.

Selection of Secondary Sampling Units (SSUs):
Households within sample PSUs have been taken as Secondary Sampling Units (SSUs). A specified number of households i.e 16 and 12 from each sample PSU of rural & urban area have been selected respectively using systematic sampling technique with a random start.
Detailed sampling plan is attached as Appendix- A

Data Quality and Reliability Measures

Data quality in PSLM Survey has been ensured through built in system of checking of fieldwork by the supervisors in the field as well as teams from the headquarters. Regional/ Field offices ensured the data quality through preliminary editing at their office level. The entire data entry was carried at the FBS headquarter Islamabad and the data entry programme used had a number of in built consistency checks. This is the 2nd round of district level survey and it has been observed that overall indicators do follow the usual pattern at national/provincial levels. However, in certain districts particularly for Balochistan province there are variations in indicators between 2004-05 and 2006-07 which may be due to prevailing situation in the province, which probably lead to under/over reporting of events.

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List of Tables

 

Education
Table 2.1 Population that has ever attended school by- province and districts.
Table 2.2  Percentage Distribution Of Population That Has Completed Primary Level Or Higher- By Province & Districts
Table 2.3 a Gross Enrolment Rate At The Primary Level (Age 5-9)- By Province & District (Excluding Katchi Class)
Table 2.3 b Gross Enrolment Rate At The Primary Level (Age 6-10)- By Province & District (Excluding Katchi Class)
Table 2.4 Gross Enrolment Rate At The Primary Level (Age 4-9)- By Province & District (Including Katchi Class)
Table 2.5 Gross Enrolment Rate For Government Primary Schools (Age 5-9)- By Province & District (Excluding Katchi Class)
Table 2.6 (a) Net Enrolment Rate At The Primary Level (Age 5-9)- By Province & District (Excluding Katchi Class)
Table 2.6 (b) Net Enrolment Rate At The Primary Level (Age 6-10)- By Province & District (Excluding Katchi Class)
Table 2.7 Net Enrolment Rate At The Primary Level (Age 4-9)- By Province & District (Including Katchi Class)
Table 2.8 Net Enrolment Rate In Government Primary Schools (Age 5-9)- By Province & District (Excluding Katchi Class)
Table 2.9 (a) Primary Level Enrolment In Government Schools A Percentage Of Total Primary Enrolment- By Province And District
Table 2.9 (b) Primary Level Enrolment In Government Schools A Percentage Of Total Primary Enrolment- By Province And District
Table 2.10 (a) Gross Enrolment Rate At The Middle Level (Age 10-12)- By Province & District
Table 2.10 (b) Gross Enrolment Rate At The Middle Level (Age 11-13) – By Province & District
Table 2.11 (a) Net Enrolment Rate At The Middle Level (Age 10-12)- By Province & District
Table 2.11 (b) Net Enrolment Rate At The Middle Level (Age 11-13)- By Province & District
Table 2.12 (a) Gross Enrolment Rate At The Matric Level (Age 13-14)- By Province & District
Table 2.12 (b) Gross Enrolment Rate At The Matric Level (Age 14-15)- By Province & District
Table 2.13 (a) Net Enrolment Rate At The Matric Level (Age 13-14)- By Province & District
Table 2.13 (b) Net Enrolment Rate At The Matric Level (Age 14- 15 ) – By Province & Region
Table 2.14 (a) Literacy-Population 10 Years and Older
Table 2.14 (b) Adult Literacy-Population 15 Years and Older
 Health  
Table 3.1 Percentage Distribution of Population Fallen Sick or Injured During Last Two Weeks of the Interview and By Health Consultation
Table 3.2 Percentage distribution of population under 5 years fallen sick Or injured during last two weeks of the interview and by health consultation
Table 3.3 Percent distribution of health consultations in past 2 weeks by type of health provider consulted
Table 3.4 (a) Percentage Of Children Aged 12-23 Months That Have Been Immunised A: Based On Recall -At Least One Immunisation.
Table 3.4 (b) Percentage Of Children Aged 12-23 Months That Have Been Immunised B: Based On Record - Fully Immunised
Table 3.4 (c) Percentage Of Children Aged 12-23 Months That Have Been Immunised C: Based On Recall And Record - Fully Immunised
Table 3.5

Percentage Of Children 12-23 Months That Have Been Immunised By Type Of Antigen-Based On Record

Table 3.6 Of antigen-based on record and recall. Percentage of children 12-23 months that have been immunised by type
Table 3.7 Children Under 5 Suffering From Diarrhea In Past 30 Days-By Province And District
Table 3.8 (a) Treatment Of Diarrhoea In Children Under 5 Years
Table 3.8 (b) Treatment Of Diarrhoea In Children Under 5 Years
Table 3.9 Type Of Practitioner Consulted For Diarrhea Treatment
Table 3.10 Pre-Natal Consultation-By Province And Person/Facility
Table 3.11

Pregnant Women That Have Received Tetanus Toxoid Injection

Table 3.12 Child Delivery-Location And Type Of Assistance
Table 3.13 Post-Natal Consultations-By Province And District
   
 Housing, Water Supply and Sanitation
Table 4.1 Percent distribution of households by housing tenure.
Table 4.2 Percent Distribution Of Households By Material Used For Roof
Table 4.3 Percent distribution of households by material used for walls.
Table 4.4 Percentage Distribution Of Households By Number Of Rooms- By Province & Districts
Table 4.5 Percent Distribution Of Households By Fuel Used For Lighting
Table 4.6 Percent Distribution Of Households By Fuel Used For Cooking
Table 4.7 Percentage distribution of household by source of drinking water by province & district.
Table 4.8 Percent distribution of households by type of toilet.
   
 Perception of Economic Situation
Table 5.1 Percent distribution of households by the perception of the economic situation of the household compared to the year before the survey.
Table 5.2 Percent distribution of households by the perception of the economic situation of the community compared to the year before the survey.
Table 5.3 Percent distribution of households satisfiction by facilities & services use.

List of Figures

Figure 2.1 Gross enrolment rate at the primary level (age 5-9) - by district (Excluding katchi class)
Figure 2.2 Net enrolment rate at the primary level (age 5 - 9) - by district (Excluding katchi class)
Figure 2.3 Gross Enrolment Rate At The Middle Level (Age 10 - 12) – By District
Figure 2.4 Net Enrolment Rate At The Middle Level (Age 10 - 12) - By District
Figure 2.5 Gross Enrolment Rate At The Matric Level (Age 13 - 14) – By District
Figure 2.6 Net Enrolment Rate At The Matric Level (Age 13-14) – By District
Figure 2.7 Literacy - Population 10 Years and Older
Figure 2.8 Adult Literacy - Population 15 Years and Older
Figure 3.1 Percentage of children aged 12-23 months that hav been immunized Based on recall
Figure 3.2 Percentage Of Children Aged 12-23 Months That Have Been Immunised C Based On Recall And Record- Fully Immunised
Figure 3.3 Children Under 5 Suffering From Diarrhea In Past 30 Days
Figure 3.4 Treatment of diarrhea in children under 5 years - by districts Diarrhea cases where ors was given to child
Figure 3.5 Pregnant Women That Have Received Tetnus Toxoid Injections
Figure 4.1 Sources of Drinking Water as Piped - Water
Figure 4.2 Flush Toilet Used By the Household