- WRITE-UP Agricultural Census 2010 [pdf]
- All Pakistan Tables (In Acres) [pdf]
- All Pakistan Tables (In Hectares) [pdf]
- KPK-Province Tabulation [pdf]
- Punjab Province Tabulation [pdf]
- Sindh Pronince Tabulation [pdf]
- Balochistan Province Tabulation [pdf]
Agriculture is an extremely important sector of Pakistan’s economy. It plays a vital role and lays down the foundation for economic development and growth in this country. Agriculture contributes more than 21 per cent to the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and provides employment to 45 per cent of the total labour force of the country. It provides raw material to the industrial sector on one side and is a market of industrial products on the other side. In the export earnings, direct as well as indirect share of agriculture is very high. Thus, it is prudent to construe that agriculture plays a multidimensional role in the economy of Pakistan.
Almost 64 % of the population of Pakistan resides in rural areas and earns its livelihood, directly or indirectly, from agricultural activities e.g. crop cultivation, livestock rearing, labour in agriculture, agriculture input supply, transportation of agricultural output to the market etc. Therefore, development of agriculture is synonymous to the development of the country. The availability of timely, accurate and reliable data is precondition for sound agricultural planning and development. The data from the Agricultural Census thus provide a concrete basis from which the agriculture sector can ultimately develop through evidence-based policy designing. The Agricultural Census Organization (ACO) has conducted five Agricultural Censuses in Pakistan: 1960, 1972, 1980, 1990 and 2000. The present report is the sixth one in the series.
The Agricultural Census 2010 was undertaken to fulfil the following objectives:
- To generate basic information on the structure of agriculture.
- To develop detailed basic information about the agricultural resources, state of their utilization and to find out the degree of acceptability of modern farming practices among the farming community for the purpose of regional, provincial and national development, planning and research in the field of agriculture.
- To collect information about livestock population.
- To fulfil data needs of the international agencies like FAO which require the country’s information for a worldwide study of agricultural resources in order to formulate international policies in matters relating to the supply of food and raw materials on sustainable basis.
The defunct (now) Agricultural Census Act, 1958 ( Act No.XLI of 1958 ) provided the legal basis for census operations throughout the country. The Act made it binding on the Government of Pakistan for the collection of agricultural data and also on the respondents to cooperate with the census enumerators and to furnish information on or with respect to items specified in the said Act. At the same time, the Act assured the secrecy of the information supplied by the respondents. It also bound the interviewer and interviewee not to declare or use this information for any legal proceedings.
The census taking exercise was guided by an Advisory Committee. This committee is comprised of about 50 official and non-official members drawn from the concerned Federal and Provincial Government Departments, Universities, Research Institutes, while non-official members come from the progressive farmers. The committee is also comprised of high-level government officials / technical experts from Gilgit Baltistan and Azad Jammu & Kashmir.
Type and Geographical Coverage
As per previous practice and approved procedures, the Agricultural Census 2010 was sample based. The sample design, however, varied for different regions of the country in accordance with the ground realities.
This census covered the entire country, i.e., Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (including Provincially and Federally Administered Tribal Areas, Frontier Regions and Agencies), Punjab (including Islamabad district), Sindh and Balochistan provinces. The geographic coverage was also extended to Gilgit Baltistan and Azad Jammu & Kashmir, each as a separate entity.
Scope of the Census
The scope refers to the range / subjects / items covered by the census. For Agricultural Census 2010 the scope with reference to farm area was restricted to the agricultural farm(s) / holding(s) held and or operated by the Government or by private household(s), individually or collectively or under corporate arrangement at the time of census enumeration. Consequently, the undistributed government lands other than government farms, undistributed portion of the lands resumed by the Government under land reforms, built up areas, land under roads, rails, ravines, rivers, canals, government forests, parks, lakes, water bodies, shallow lands, hills and mountains, etc. falling under the category of non-farm area are outside the scope of the census.
The scope of the present census, as finally approved, included the collection of data on type, size, tenure and parcels of farms, land utilization, irrigation, area under crops and orchards, number of fruit and non-fruit trees, use of manures, fertilizers and plant protection measures, use of agricultural machinery, livestock population, loan and its sources, casual and permanent hired agricultural labour, household members by age, sex, qualification and their contribution towards agriculture, type of residential structures, economic activities of household members and their main source of income.
List of Tables